Things to Know About Septic Systems

Septic Systems

Millions, almost one-third, of households have septic systems. If you have never lived in a home with a septic system, you may not understand septic maintenance and what can and cannot be flushed down the toilet and drains, which may result in a system failure. If you notice puddles in your yard around your septic system, you may need to look for a septic company by searching “septic tank draining near me,” but what does draining entail?

Your Septic System

Septic systems teat the wastewater from your home, including the water from your toilets, sinks and washing machines. This waste is moved from your home through a pipe and into a septic tank. The solids or heavy materials move to the bottom of the tank, oils sit at the top and greywater collects in the middle of the tank. Then, the greywater is drained through a leach field, while the sludge and oils remain in the tank, preventing environmental contamination.

Monitoring

Your septic system should be monitored regularly. In fact, each year or two, you should have a septic company come out and inspect your system and test your well water and soil. The inspector will test the sludge and scum levels in your tank, check that your leach field is working properly and ensure your pipes are clear and working well. During these inspections, the company will tell you whether your system needs to be pumped out. In addition, you should watch for puddles in your yard, sewage smells and backups into your home.

Draining

Heathy tanks have active microbial systems that break down and remove sewage from your tank. However, even these systems require pumping every 1-3 years because the sludge and oil builds up in the tank.

During septic tank pumping, your tank will be cleaned of all sludge, water and scum. This waste may be taken to local sewage treatment plants or processing centers that treat it with chemicals.

Seek a reputable sewage company for regular sewage system maintenance, inspections and draining.